At the intermediate level, consider offering a state-approved bilingual word-to-word dictionary if ELLs are literate in their home language, and give them additional time to consult it. Dalton and Shafer Willner provide guidance on which types of accommodations should be used for ELLs in assessment.
Ten Guiding Principles for Teachers", they propose that because Language Teachers often act as informal policymakers, it is imperative that they first understand their own "ways of languaging" and preconceptions Assessment ell languages and language learners.
The ESL teacher can take a lead role in facilitating the conversation. Differentiated scoring scores content knowledge separately from language proficiency. Campaign for Educational Equity. Respond to "what" and "where" questions Ask for or respond to clarification Read addresses or telephone numbers Assessment ell assessments Portfolios are practical ways of assessing student work throughout the entire year.
Compared with fluent speakers of English, ELLs are held accountable on more assessment measures and spend more time being assessed. I suggest that educators take a longitudinal look at each student's ELP scores to see whether the student is making the expected progress in acquiring English.
In one sample report, the student's weakest domain was in writing, so teachers determined strategies to support the student's writing skills within and across content areas. In some recent ongoing professional development with school districts, I've worked with content-area and ESL teachers whose administrators brought the groups together for regular collaboration.
This exercise gave teachers a small sense of how flawed content assessment can be for ELLs when students are not yet fluent in the language. Hunting for Answers To help familiarize teachers with the features of ELP score reports, I recommend a scavenger hunt.
A Case Study Ahmet is a 9-year-old boy attending 3rd grade in a suburban elementary school. Depending on your district's testing window, your ELLs may soon take their annual English language proficiency test.
ELLs could then work in pairs, noting their questions—on both the platform and the content—to discuss with the class. For the purposes of this article, let's consider ELLs at the more generic beginning, intermediate, and advanced levels.
Role of Collaboration and Advocacy TESOL International Association contends that with the implementation of challenging content standards, ESL teachers are called on to assume new leadership roles as experts, advocates, and consultants.
Teachers College Record, 11— Students can select samples of their work and reflect on their own growth over time.
The three strategies that follow can help educators collaboratively advocate for equity in assessments for their English language learners. Choose appropriate accommodations for state assessments.
This sample math development checklist is an example of how you can organize your data collection for each ELL. If teachers genuinely care for each of their ESL students and it becomes apparent to the students through their lessons, 1 to 1 interactions, etc.
Teachers should collaborate to choose accommodations for computer- based tests and find a time and place for ELLs to practice using those accommodations. In both English and Arabic, he is stronger orally than in other areas of literacy.
Accommodations policies differ by state, so be sure to check your state's guidelines. Center for Applied Linguistics. Make sure students know how to use the accommodations or support features available to them, such as text-to- speech in the home language or pop-up glossaries.
For example, the sheer number of unknown English words would preclude a beginner ELL from effectively using a bilingual word-to-word dictionary. With this method, you can systematically collect descriptive records of a variety of student work over time that reflects growth toward the achievement of specific curricular objectives.
For example, computer-based testing could be the topic of an ELL parent meeting either in school or in a location convenient for parents, such as a community center or place of worship. Some teachers may come across being biased without even recognizing it.
Which accommodations would you recommend for Ahmet. Serving as facilitator of a discussion about ELP scores is just one example of this more specialized role. It uses "accommodations" to define supports for students with disabilities.
Consider giving ELLs extra time to complete these tasks, or to give short responses.
Native English speakers are also English language learners. District of Columbia Office of the State Superintendent. In this way you can assess both the progress of one student and of the class as a whole.
Teachers can use the data to determine the language domains most in need of development and then focus instruction on these areas. Strategies for supporting English language learners in the classroom[ edit ] Incorporating technology The internet makes it possible for students to view videos of activities, events and places around the world.
ELL Assessments are designed for tracking students' language skills progress at key points in the school year. Assessments at all grade ranges give teachers in-depth information about students' language development across the domains of speaking, writing, reading, and listening.
In fact, average scores for ELLs on the reading and math National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in grades 4, 8, and 12 were significantly lower than average scores for native speakers of English, and the gap in scores widened with increases in grade level (Office of English Language Acquisition, ).
Lorraine Valdez Pierce is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Education at George Mason University.
She focuses on designing curriculum and assessment procedures for English language learners at the Center for Language & Culture. Fair And Square Assessments for ELLs.
Diane Staehr Fenner. Three strategies can help teachers more accurately assess their English language learners. Psychometric issues in the ELL assessment and special education eligibility.
Teachers College Record, (11), – Assessment for English Language Learners This section addresses the critical questions of how to properly assess and place English language learners (ELLs) at the school-wide and classroom level. To see our other topics related to assessment, visit the following sections.
The Graduate ELL assessment (Writing Sample and VEPT) and ELL-ITA coursework are required for graduate students who hold an admissions condition that requires them to take English language assessment, are subject to a departmental language requirement.Assessment ell